Paul Hassan IlegbusiOndo State College of Health Technology, Nigeria
Title: Developing countries’ women’s attitude to contraceptive implants: A case study of Nigerian women of reproductive age
Contraceptive implants are type of long-acting reversible contraceptive which are inserted subdermally. Statistics had shown that between 2010-2019, only 35.6% of women of childbearing age in Nigeria had their family planning needs met with modern method while 48% of sexually active women had unmet need of family planning. Contraceptive implants uptake rate in Nigeria in 2019 stood at 3.4% while contraceptive prevalence rate was 16.6%. The study aimed at finding out the attitude of women of reproductive age to contraceptive implants in the developing countries, most especially in Nigeria. This is a descriptive study involving 423 women, randomly selected in Akungba-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria; structured questionnaires were administered and analysed. The study revealed a relationship between the age at first birth, number of liveborn, and educational status of women with the use of implantable contraceptive. 39.70% believed the cost-effectiveness of the implants while 60.30% did not; 61.90% believed that implants facilitates peaceful relationship between couples; 51.10% agreed that religion abhors its use; 31.9% believed that culture is against its use; 32.2% were afraid of its side effects; 19.1% indicated it decreases sexual enjoyment; 16.8% said implants enhances promiscuity; 8.5% indicated there are no enough information about implants; 8.3% are not using implants because they are expecting to be pregnant; 4.7% accepted that implants do fail; 4.5% said their spouses rejected the use of implants; 3.3% they are not using implants because of lack of regular sex with their spouses; and 2.6% indicated their disinterest in implants. Effective mobilisation of women of reproductive age needed to be heightened by the government, community health workers in Primary Health Care level, and the religious leaders in order to bridge the gap of bad attitude to the use of contraceptive implants.
Paul Hassan Ilegbusi is from Oka-Akoko, Ondo State, Nigeria. He is a Fellow of the Institute of Management Specialists, UK (2021); a Fellow of the Institute of Management Consultants-Nigeria (2021); a Certified Management Consultant (2021); a Certified Management Specialist (2021); a Dignitary Member of the International Academic and Research Consortium, Kenya (2021); B.Sc. in Public Health Science (2021); Advanced Diploma in Primary Health Care Education (2011); Higher Diploma in Community Health (2008); Advanced Certificate in Health Administration and Management (2012); Certificate in Computer Appreciation (2012); Certificate in Community Health (1996); Certificate in Family Planning Motivation (1996). Paul is a Senior Lecturer and Chief Community Health Officer in Community Health Department, Ondo State College of Health Technology, Akure, Nigeria. He has been working as a Community Health Practitioner in Nigeria for over 25 years. He is an Examiner for National Qualifying Examinations for Community Health students in Nigeria since 2016. He has participated in many national and international workshops relating to Community and Public Health. He is a Public Health researcher. He is married to Adunola with three children.