Pía Molina ChailánHospital Guillermo Grant Benavente/ Universidad de Concepción, Chile
Title: Psychological profile and medication adherence in patients with tuberculosis
Tuberculosis has reached epidemic proportions in many parts of the world. In Chile, this situation is not so different. In recent years the number of new cases has increased, and the level of abandonment has not been reduced to achieve the health goals. Direct care has evidenced that there is a new social reality, included psychological factors, for instance personality traits, and mental diseases. Objectives: to identify the psychological profile of the patient under treatment for tuberculosis in Chile. Method: descriptive, transversal, correlational study, carried out at 35 primary health centers around the country. Data collection was between 2018 -2019. n=90 patients agreed to participate of a total of 209 cases. It was used pill count, sociodemographic and clinical questionnaire, Rosenberg self-esteem scale, Big Five Inventory. Results: age, history of mental illness, sentimental situation, belonging to risk group such as alcoholism, drug addiction and street situation, self-esteem and conscientiousness personality presented a statistically significant relationship with therapeutic adherence. Conclusions: psychological characterization reveals new factors related to adherence that must be considered to provide an interdisciplinary care.
Pía Molina Chailán is ICU nurse staff Hospital Guillermo Grant Benavente Concepción-Chile since 2005. Former intern in Pan American Health Organization, health system and services department. Professor and tutor in several Chilean educational institutions. Her doctoral thesis research was about Biopsychosocial profile and predictive factors of therapeutic adherence in patients with tuberculosis, Chile.