Ina ShawUniversity of Essex, United Kingdom
Title: Concurrent aerobic plus resistance exercise versus aerobic exercise alone to improve total and intra-abdominal visceral fat mass
The risk of developing overweight and obesity depends largely on two lifestyle factors, namely diet and physical activity and as such, these two factors form the cornerstone treatments in the prevention and management of overweight and obesity. However, while traditional aerobic training continues to be touted for weight loss, resistance training may provide additional and unique benefits to support the prevention and management of overweight and obesity. Previously sedentary males were randomly assigned to an aerobic training group (AerG) (n-12), concurrent aerobic and resistance training group (ConG) (n=13) or a non-exercising control group (NonG) (n=12). Results of the study indicate that while aerobic training was indeed effective at improving (p?0.05) most measures of total fatness (i.e. body mass, fat mass, sum of skinfolds, percentage body fat (%BF) and body mass index), it was only effective at improving two measures of intra-abdominal visceral fat mass (i.e. conicity index (CI) and waist-to-stature ratio (WSR)). In turn, the concurrent training improved all four measures of intra-abdominal visceral fat mass (i.e. CI, waist circumference, waist-to-hip ratio and WSR). In conclusion, this study demonstrates that the addition of resistance training to traditional aerobic training has benefits for the prevention and management of overweight and obesity.
Ina Shaw is a Professor in the Department of Human Movement Science at the University of Zululand, South Africa and in the School of Sport, Rehabilitation and Exercise Sciences, University of Essex, United Kingdom. She has published over 200 peer-reviewed articles, with more than 100 individual co-authors from all continents, resulting in her research having won several awards. She has held several honorary/adjunct professorial appointments and her research has been featured in radio programmes and magazines, such as Woman’s World® (USA), Prevention® (USA), Runner’s World® (USA), and Muscle and Fitness® (USA). She has also contributed to the Encyclopedia of Life Support Systems (Eolss), a publication of UNESCO. She has presented at over 60 conference presentations internationally. In addition to serving on the editorial board of numerous international journals, Ina Shaw is an Associate Editor for The Global Journal of Health and Physical Education Pedagogy and International Advisory Panel Member of the M R International Journal of Applied Health Sciences. Ina Shaw currently serves as the President of the International Physical Activity Projects (IPAP) and Co-Director of the Non-Communicable Disease Intervention Research Unit (NCDIRU).